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When, say, a television has a microphone and a network connection, and is reprogrammable by its vendor, it could be used to listen in to one side of a telephone conversation taking place in its room—no matter how encrypted the telephone service itself might be. These forces are on a trajectory towards a future with more opportunities for surveillance. Controversy surrounding IOT technology is growing.

In early , Amazon disclosed that thousands of its workers listened to conversations recorded by Echo smart speakers. In some cases, its workers debated whether recordings of possible crimes should be turned over to law enforcement authorities. Similarly, it came to light that Google and Facebook contractors have been regularly listening to recordings between their platforms and individual consumers. IOT-powered mobile surveillance is another possibility for this class of technology. The spread of AI surveillance continues unabated.

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Its use by repressive regimes to engineer crackdowns against targeted populations has already sounded alarm bells. But even in countries with strong rule of law traditions, AI gives rise to troublesome ethical questions. Experts express concerns about facial recognition error rates and heightened false positives for minority populations. The public is increasingly aware about algorithmic bias in AI training datasets and their prejudicial impact on predictive policing algorithms and other analytic tools used by law enforcement.

Even benign IOT applications—smart speakers, remote keyless entry locks, automotive intelligent dash displays—may open troubling pathways for surveillance. The cumulative impact gives pause. Disquieting questions are surfacing regarding the accuracy, fairness, methodological consistency, and prejudicial impact of advanced surveillance technologies. Governments have an obligation to provide better answers and fuller transparency about how they will use these new intrusive tools. The purpose of the index and working paper is to highlight emergent trends for a technology that is not well understood yet will increasingly shape modern life.

The good news is that there is ample time to initiate a much-needed public debate about the proper balance between AI technology, government surveillance, and the privacy rights of citizens. But as these technologies become more embedded in governance and politics, the window for change will narrow. To be counted as electoral democracies, countries not only have to hold defacto free and fair and multiparty elections, but also.

A liberal democracy is, in addition, characterized by its having effective legislative and judicial oversight of the executive as well as protection of individual liberties and the rule of law.

See also article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This will improve social control not only by forcing people to act in certain ways, but also by changing the way they think. If you have a line of a couple of tens of billions with the bank that you can use at your discretion this is a huge subsidy, no?

Likewise, a U. But Is It Biased? Martinez, and Seth D. Zittrain, Matthew G. Follow the conversation— Sign up to receive email updates when comments are posted to this article. A readable article. Doubtlessly AI has permeated into every corner of the world, with China seemingly ahead of others in AI technology and algorithms. It is being deployed in surveillance on land, at sea, in space. As espionage has been a crucial international covert game, AI appears to be playing its role very well.

Are all these good for us? China China my China - sang Brian Eno almost half a century ago. Though radio-free Amerika[sic] had the masses in Amerika[sic] already in control back in the '20s convincing them -beer- was -un American- and they believed it. Prohibition willingly entered into.

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Their gullibility achieved by propaganda. As the Amerikcan [sic] regime lost the plot being so deluded about the state of Kommunists elsewhere. Today the likes of Google and Herr Zuckerberg only have to have to appear for the consumer-zombie masses to willingly submit to their own surveillance, their identity theft, their exploitation when the flag is waved and the pointed to the enemy.

Given that this AI technology is being developed by a very close partnership between industry and academia, in the context of autocratic regimes the next question to be answered is the following: how much do Western academic institutions wish to continue to be involved in these collaborations - and involved they are, contrary to their founding principles and their own national interests - while hiding behind the masquerade of academic freedom and abdication of responsibility?

Western universities have internally all necessary tools to ring-fence this research and to not be complicit to the development of this technology in autocratic contexts, ultimately for the perpetration of core violations of human rights. Yet easier to bring abstract arguments to the table, bury the matter deep inside corporate black holes, disconnect from the effects AI mass surveillance has on real people, pay lip services to higher values while the cash keeps flowing, and wait for the government to step in then, likely, complain about political interference.

The ultimate expression of academic hypocrisy. The masses are on Facebook by the mega million.

White Nationalism’s Deep American Roots

The dumb devices in use today have already eaten their brains away. Nothing to monitor and track politicians and their watchers? Why is it always US that has to be monitored? The World Unpacked is a weekly foreign policy podcast, hosted by Jen Psaki, that breaks down the hottest global issues of today with experts, journalists, and policymakers who can explain what is happening, why it matters, and where we go from here. You are leaving the website for the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and entering a website for another of Carnegie's global centers.

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Executive Summary Artificial intelligence AI technology is rapidly proliferating around the world. It specifically asks: Which countries are adopting AI surveillance technology? What specific types of AI surveillance are governments deploying? Which countries and companies are supplying this technology? Key Findings AI surveillance technology is spreading at a faster rate to a wider range of countries than experts have commonly understood.

At least seventy-five out of countries globally are actively using AI technologies for surveillance purposes. China is a major driver of AI surveillance worldwide. Huawei alone is responsible for providing AI surveillance technology to at least fifty countries worldwide. No other company comes close. Chinese product pitches are often accompanied by soft loans to encourage governments to purchase their equipment.

Politics and Nation

These tactics are particularly relevant in countries like Kenya, Laos, Mongolia, Uganda, and Uzbekistan—which otherwise might not access this technology. This raises troubling questions about the extent to which the Chinese government is subsidizing the purchase of advanced repressive technology. But China is not the only country supplying advanced surveillance tech worldwide. AI surveillance technology supplied by U.

The most significant U. Other companies based in liberal democracies—France, Germany, Israel, Japan—are also playing important roles in proliferating this technology.

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  6. Democracies are not taking adequate steps to monitor and control the spread of sophisticated technologies linked to a range of violations. Liberal democracies are major users of AI surveillance. This does not inevitably mean that democracies are abusing these systems. The most important factor determining whether governments will deploy this technology for repressive purposes is the quality of their governance.

    Governments in autocratic and semi-autocratic countries are more prone to abuse AI surveillance than governments in liberal democracies. Some autocratic governments—for example, China, Russia, Saudi Arabia—are exploiting AI technology for mass surveillance purposes. Other governments with dismal human rights records are exploiting AI surveillance in more limited ways to reinforce repression.